Methamphetamine / Méthamphétamine

New drug trafficking routes in Southeast Asia

Pierre-Arnaud Chouvy / 2002 / Jane's Intelligence Review.

The last decade has seen two main trends in opiate production and trafficking in Southeast Asia: concentration of opium poppy cultivation in Myanmar and diversification of the drug trafficking routes from Thailand to China and northeast India. Pierre-Arnaud Chouvy reports.

Drugs and war destabilise Thai-Myanmar border region

Pierre-Arnaud Chouvy / 2002 / Jane's Intelligence Review.

The upsurge in methamphetamine use in Thailand is significantly increasing and contributing to regional conflict as the Thai military takes on the producers and smugglers. Pierre-Arnaud Chouvy reports.

Yaa Baa: Production, trafic et consommation de méthamphétamine en Asie du Sud-Est continentale

Pierre-Arnaud Chiucy & Joël Meissonnier / 2002 / Irasec.

Yaa baa, "le médicament qui rend fou". En Thaïlande le surnom de la méthamphétamine sonne comme un avertissement, mais il n'a pas dissuadé des centaines de milliers de Thaïlandais, jeunes pour la plupart, de s'y adonner avec plus ou moins de retenue. "Drogue de travail" ou "drogue de loisir", il s'agit d'un véritable phénomène de société qui n'est pas étranger aux évolutions économiques et aux mutations culturelles qu'à connu le royaume au cours de ces dernières décennies. Ce livre s'efforce de donner des explications à un engouement qui touche également d'autres pays de la région. Il replace la consommation de méthamphétamine dans les logiques du narcotrafic dont les ressorts sont à rechercher aux marges orientales de la Birmanie, en plein cœur du Triangle d'Or.

Southeast Asia’s Thriving Drug Trade

Pierre-Arnaud Chouvy / 2011 / World Politics Review.

From the early 1950s until 1990, when Afghanistan’s opium production surpassed that of Myanmar, most of the world’s illicit opium originated in mainland Southeast Asia. This is partly because the region’s rugged hills and mountains, heavy monsoon rains and lack of transport infrastructures have long protected rebel armies and illegal opium poppy cultivation from the writ of central governments and anti-drug agencies. Myanmar’s turbulent political history and internal wars since its independence in 1948 also contributed significantly to Asia’s long reign as the global leader in illicit opium production, as the opium economy and the war economy clearly nurtured one another.

Illegal Trades Across National Borders of Mainland Southeast Asia

Pierre-Arnaud Chouvy / 2010 / The Trade in Human Beings for Sex in Southeast Asia.

Mainland Southeast Asia, or Indochina—as it has long been known due to its position between India and China—has been marked by decades of modern trafficking in illegal goods. Illegal trades in Mainland Southeast Asia are numerous, extremely diverse, and most likely increasingly complex. Of course, human trafficking and drug trafficking are two of the most prominent illegal trades of the area: human trafficking, in relation to the huge regional prostitution market it feeds—Thailand being worldwide infamous for that reason; and drug trafficking, in relation to opium and heroin produced in bulk in the ill-famed Golden Triangle. Complexity arises from the fact that human trafficking and drug trafficking can be said to be linked in some places and to some extent, whether drug consumption by prostitutes—and by many of their clients—is concerned or whether economic havoc created by excessively brutal and rapid eradication of illicit crops pushes women into prostitution. However, as we will see, complexity is even increased by the fact that many other illegal trades feed off these two major trafficking activities and their existing, and sometimes congruous, networks. Some of these trades may, at some point, contribute to one another; they may also proceed, to some extent, from propitious specific regional dynamics (trafficking in drugs and arms in the context of armed conflicts for example). It is this great diversity and complexity of illegal trading of Mainland Southeast Asia that this paper deals with, focusing on two of its most pervasive phenomenon: drug trafficking and human trafficking.